ix.] THE ARTISTIC FACULTY. ha
in any person might be somehow measured, and its amount determined, just as we may measure Strength, the power of Discrimination of Tints, or the tenacity of Memory. Let us then suppose the measurement of the Artistic Faculty to be feasible and to have been often performed, and that the measures of a large number of persons were thrown into a Scheme.
It is reasonable to expect that the Scheme of the Artistic Faculty would be approximately Normal in its proportions, like those of the various Qualities and Faculties whose measures were given in Tables 2 and 3.
It is also reasonable to expect that the same law of inheritance might hold good in the Artistic Faculty that was found to hold good both in Stature and in Eye colour ; in other words, that the value of Filial Regression would in this case also be Z.
We have now to discover whether these assumptions are true without any help from direct measurement. The problem to be solved is a pretty one, and will illustrate the method by which many problems of a similar class have to be worked.
Let the graduations of the scale by which the Artistic Faculty is supposed to be measured, be such that the unit of the scale shall be equal to the Q of the Art-Scheme of the general population. Call the unknown M of the Art-Scheme of the population, P. Then, as explained in page 52, the measure of any individual will be of the form P + (± D), where D is the deviation from P. The first fact we have to deal with is, that only 30 per cent. of the population