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320   Art of Travel.

Tying the Th.u-mbs.-To secure a prisoner with the least amount of string, place his hands back to back, behind him, then tie the thumbs together, and also the little fingers. Two bits of thin string, each a foot long, will thoroughly do this. But, if you have not any string at hand, cut a thong from his leathern apron, or tear a strip from your own linen.

Str (it-Waistcoats.-A strait-waistcoat is the least inconvenient mode of confinement, as the joints of the prisoner are not cut by cords. A makeshift for one is soon stitched together, by stitching a piece of canvas into the shape of a sleeve, and sewing one end of this to one cuff of a strong jacket, and the other end to the other cuff ; so that, instead of the jacket having two sleeves, it has but one long one. The jacket is then put on in the usual

   _   way, and buttoned and sewn in

- front. In a proper strait-waistcoat, the opening is behind and the sleeves in front ; it laces up behind.

Tying up a Prisoner for the night.-If a man has to be kept prisoner all night, it is not sufficient to tie his hands, as he will be sure to watch his time and run away. It is therefore necessary to tie them round a standing tree, or a heavy log of wood. A convenient plan is to fell a large forked bough, and to make the man's arms fast round one of the branches. It is thus impossible for him to slip away, as the fork on one side, and the bushy top of the branch on the other, prevent his doing so ; and, notwithstanding his cramped position, it is quite possible for him to get sleep.

Files of Prisoners.-When several men have to be made fast and marched away, the usual method of securing them is to tie them, one behind another, to a long pole or rope.

In -marching o f a Culprit, make him walk between two of your men, while a third, carrying a gun, walks behind him.