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leaves, especially birch and poplar leaves, and even thrive upon them.

Pulling Cattle out of Holes.-The bight of a cord, or of some substitute for one, may be thrown over a horse's head, and he can be dragged out by a team of cattle with but very little danger to his neck. A crupper under his tail, or a thong as a breeching may be used. In Canada and the United States, a noose of rope is often run round the horse's neck, and hauled tight-thus temporarily choking the animal and making him still ; he is then pulled as quickly as possible out of the hole, and no time is lost in slackening the rope.


Saddles for riding.- Good saddles for riding, and, I may add, especially for packing, are of nearly as great importance as