270 REPORT-1 883. TABLE VI. (eontinued). Race or Nationality Authority NIitreg Ft. in. Wchh, all classes . Anthropomelric Coin, I 6! o b_ 6.66 I(:ulcs, in migrant' to 13.S. America. Baxter 1691 5- 6.65 Dutch Baxter 1 693 5- 6-62 American negroes of all degrees of Baxter 1.693 5- 6-62 colour English innnigrantsto U.S. America Baxter I.-692 5- 658 Hungarians Baxter 1.02 5- 6'58 Rnglisll Jews AntItropometric Cola. 1.61)2 r)- 6-57 Gcr otu s, 'immigrants to US. America Baxter 1.691 5- 6.54 Swiss of (;o nova lhtnant 1'688 5- 6.43 Swiss immigrants to U.S. America Baxter 1 687 6-. 6.38 Russians Baxter 1.687 5- 6.38 1 oct(let. 1.687 5-- t;-:38 French im(nigrants to U.S. America Baxter 1.643 5- 623 Poles Baxter 1682 5- 6.20 Frcneb upper classes De Quatrefriges . 1(;81 5- 6) 1 (Scrnans Aiwaret 1.680 5 (NO Mexicans Baxter 1.680 5- 6.10 Bcrbors of Algeria Tohinai l 1.680 5- 6.10 1 cabs Various 1'679 5- 608 llshcl:s of h'ergharur and Samarkand lljfalvy 1.679 5-- 6-08 Javanese ,VWYi ra 1.679 5-- 608 fi.nssi:tns S111111 Z 1.675 5-- (1.04 Italians, immigrants to U.S. America 13nxl er 1-677 - 6.00 South Americans Baxter 1-(;75 6- 590 Austr:tliaat Aborigines . Various 1.66!1 5- 5.68 Austrian Sclavcs 1 t;(;9 5- 5.6s Gnlchas, Iranian 1lountaineers Uj fa,lvy 1.668 5- 5.66 nin -(Is, immigrants Io ITS. America Baxter I't;t;s 5- 5'(;(; Spa. Toplnard 1.666 5- 5'62 Berbers of Algeria . I'ortn nose munigrants to U.S. America Baxter 7.66;3 6- 5.4:3 Ainm Rosky 1.6(10 5- 5.3:3 Austrian (lerm:tns . 110, 01'( I'6:,8 - 5'27 French working classes I lc (.3o ttrefnges 1.657 5-- 5.21 hcllniuuutx of North America Various . 1.65+ 5- 5.10 Iinng:uians (military statistics) Schedwrand iteddoe. 1.652 5__ .5-O f ('.utc;l inns . Shortst. I'(;50 5- 1.93 New (lumen, v:lrious tribes Various 1.61(; 5- 1.78 71 i ndnos Short, I.. 1615 5- 4.7(; IT:1v:nri:n,s . 7t ti'ara I61:; 5- 4.68 Rut ir nians llajer:md liopernicki 1.610 5 - -151 llravi(liaos Sllortt. I639 5- 1.50 Cingnlese . Uavy 1.638 5 . 4'.18 Atstriao Rouo(aniano No ara I-(;31 5- 4.37 Chinese . . Atwetra 1'(;31( S- 4.17 Italians (conscripts, 1.620) Aen. rdi Strrtt+t., 1579 , 1 .f;2(; 5- d'00 Fuwv,ans A'orvroee. 1625 5- 3.98 Polish Jews Slajer:rnd Koperuicki 1.62:3 5_ 3Ss Poles . STajerand Kopernicki 1.622 5._ 3.87 Finns (13ed'loe, 5 ft. 5.81) Arorerra. 1.617 5- :3.60 Papuans Various 1.606 5- 2.20 Japnilk"e Mrs. Ayrton 1.604 r- :1.11 Ayninras Indians, Peru.. Forbesl 1.601 5- :3.00 Peruvians D'Orbigny 1'600 5- 3100 Cochin-Chinese Finlayson . 1.59:3 5- 2.70 Malays Raflies, Crawfurd, &c. 1.58:1 5- 2:14 Ve(btas of Ceylon . Bailey . . 1.536 5- 0.12 liaro or Nat-ionality Authority :11dhes Ft. ill. Lapps I l orcl t 1510 4_ 1 I'2 Aii(lamaiiese Mall 1.192 4- 10.7 Aetas I)c (3oattc.l lgcs . 1.142 -1- 10.3 Sena,ngs l lc O,uat stages . 1--118 1 - 9'O0 Atincopesc De (Lnaturages . 1 136 4_ 8'53 Itosjesmuts (BUshmen and S. Africa) . Various 1-311 4- 1.78 I Di l'erenco between the tallest curd shortest, races -121 4.55 Average stature of than according to the above . 1.658 5 .x'25 Special Subjects of Inquiry. 3G. In the sheet of instructions issued by the Committee observations were asked for to illustrate the physical differences or: - a. Persons engaged in different occupations. b. Persons bred and living in towns, or country. c. Natives of' parts of' the British Isles differing ethnologically, geo logically, or in climate. d. Boys and men whose intellect and industry are above or below the average. e. The general characteristics of men noted for athletic power. f The rate of growth in persons of both sexes bred in town and country, and engaged in different occupations. The following table shows some of the extreme variations in stature which occur, and which are associated with different occupations and conditions of life, illustrative of the above subjects of inquiry. TABLE Vii.-Showing the STA'nunix and Wi,,wirr of Adult Males (age 23-50 years) under different conditions of life. Number Ft. in. lbs. Scotch Agricultural Population, Galloway 75 5 10-5 17:3-6 'Metropolitan Police. 192 5 10.7 185'7 Fellows of the Royal ;society . 98 5 9.7(; Yorkshire Fj liernlen, 11'lanlhro' 68 5 4'71 166.8 Athletes (running, jumping, and walking) 89 5 8.34 143'7 Scotch Lead-miners, Wenlockhead . 92 5 8.13 16:1f) London Fire Brigade 69 5 7.40 160.8 Durham Coal-miners . 51 5 6-38 152.) Edinburgh and Glasgow Town Population 32 G 6;35 1:17.2 Welsh pearl-miners, Cardigan. :328 5 630 1552 Sbetliel I Town Population 100 5 5.80 1-12.5 Bristol Town Population , 300 5 5-77 142-4 Lunatics, General Population . 1,409 5 5-70 147.1) Criminals, General Popular ion 'A,:115 r, 5.61) 1.)0--I Hertfordshire Labourer's 174 5 5.35 115.0 Idiots and Irubeciles , 19 5 .1.87 123.0 37. The influence of town life and town occupations on the physique of the population in districts in which the race differs little, and the climatic REPORT OF THE ANTIIROPOh1ETRIC COMDMITTEE. 271 TABLE VT. (continued).