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86   NATURAL INHERITANCE.   [CHAP.

gave no evidence of discriminative selection in respect to Temper. The good-tempered husbands were 46 per cent. in number, and, between them, they married 22 good-tempered and 24 bad-tempered wives ; whereas calculation, having regard to the relative proportions of good and bad Temper in the two sexes, gave the numbers as 25 and 21. Again, the bad-tempered husbands, who were 54 per cent. in number, married 31 good-tempered and 23 bad-tempered wives, whereas calculation gave the number as 30 and 24. This rough summary is a just expression of the results arrived at by a more minute analysis, which is described in the Appendix, and need not be repeated here.

Similarly as regards Eye-Colour. If we analyse the marriages between the 78 couples whose eye-colours are described in Chapter VIII., and compare the observed results with those calculated on the supposition that Eye-Colour has no influence whatever in marriage selection, the two lists will be found to be much alike. Thus where both of the parents have eyes of the same colour, whether they be light, or hazel, or dark, the percentage results are almost identical, being 37, 3, and 8 as observed, against 37, 2, and 7 calculated. Where one parent is hazel-eyed and the other dark-eyed, the marriages are as 5 observed against 7 calculated. But the results run much less well together in the other two possible combinations, for where one parent is light and the other hazel-eyed, they give 23 observed against 15 calculated ; and where one parent is light and the other dark-eyed, they give 24 observed against 32 calculated.