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46   NATURAL INHERITANCE.   [CIaAP.

Data for Eighteen Schemes.-Sufficient data for re-. constructing any Scheme, with much correctness, may be printed in a single line of a Table, and according to a uniform plan that is suitable for any kind of values. The measures to be recorded are those at a few definite .Grades, beginning say at 5°, ending at 95°, and including every intermediate tenth Grade from 10° to 90°. It is convenient to add those at the Grades 25° and 75°, if space permits. The former values are given for eighteen different Schemes, in Table 2. In the memoir from which that table is reprinted, the values at what I now call (centesimal) Grades, were termed Percentiles. Thus the values at the Grades 5° and 10° would be respectively the 5th and the 10th percentile. It still seems to me that the word percentile is a useful and expressive abbreviation, but it will not be necessary to employ it in 'the present book. It is of course unadvisable to use more technical words than is absolutely necessary, and it will be possible to get on without it, by the help of the new and more important word " Grade."

A series of Schemes that express the distribution of various faculties, is valuable in an anthropometric laboratory, for they enable every person who is measured to find his Rank or Grade in each of them.

Diagrams may also be constructed by drawing parallel lines, each divided into 100 Grades, and entering each round number of inches, lbs., &c., at their proper places. A diagram of this kind is very convenient for reference, but it does not admit of being printed ; it must be drawn or lithographed. I have constructed one of these