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252   Art of Travel.

be met with, in places where there was not the slightest appearance of them in the daytime."

Battues.=In Sweden, where hundreds of people are marshalled, each man has a number, and the number is chalked upon his hat.

Scarecrows.-A string with feathers tied to it at intervals, like the tail of a boy's kite, will scare most animals of the deer tribe, by their fluttering ; and, in want of a sufficient force of men, passes may be closed by this contrivance. The Swedes use " lappar," viz. pieces of canvas, of half the height of a man, painted in glaring colours and left to flutter from a line.

Mr. Lloyd tells us of a peasant who, when walking without a gun, saw a glutton up in a tree. He at once took off his hat and coat and rigged out a scarecrow, the counterpart of himself, which he fixed close by, for the purpose of frightening the beast from coming down ; he then went leisurely home, to fetch his gun : this notable expedient succeeded perfectly.

Stalking-horses.-Artificial.-A stalking-horse, or cow, is

made by cutting out a piece of strong canvas into the shape

of the animal, and painting it properly. Loops are sewn in

different places, throughh which sticks are passed, to stretch

the curves into shape : a stake, planted in the ground serves as a buttress to support the apparatus : at a proper height, there is a loophole to fire through. It packs up into a roll of canvas and a bundle of five or six sticks.

Bushes are used much in the same way. Colonel Hawker made a contrivance

upon wheels which he

pushed before him. The

Esquimaux shoot seals by pushing a white screen before, them over the ice, on a sledge. See figure.-(Kane.)

Real.-Both horses and oxen can be trained to shield a sportsman : they are said to enter into the spirit of the