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Lehrjahre and Wanderjahre   155

was a generous one, £300 per annum and apparently an extra sum for private tuition. Tertius Galton was no doubt right in impressing upon his son the necessity for accurate record of expenditure-even to mistakes of three shillings. But the almost weekly rendering of accounts without a definite allowance does not provide a young man with the same training in monetary affairs as a definite income with freedom to spend within its limits. We cannot help considering that this statement : " Francis Galton, Esq. in account with his Treasurer," must have been a considerable relief to the undergraduate mind.

The summer vacation spent at Keswick was a very happy one ; Francis Galton was in a most merry frame of mind. The final part of the vacation was overcast by the illness of Tertius Galton, who came down to join his son, and caught a severe cold, which caused his first bad illness, lasting four or five weeks. The tutors were Mathison of Trinity, and Eddis, first Chancellor's medallist and fourth classic in 1839, and well-known later as a Queen's Counsel. The members of the reading party besides Galton included Blomefield, Atkinson, Strickland, Young and Cooper'. The house Galton stayed at was Browtop, which stands well upon the Thirlmere road before the old turnpike at the junction with the steep road down to the church is reached. Galton had visited at the end of June the Hodgsons and Booths in Birmingham, and he had made a flying visit with his Aunt Booth to his sister, Lucy Moilliet, at Selby Hall. On July 1 he writes to announce his safe arrival at Keswick to his father

"I set off [from Birmingham] by the 4 2 o'clock train in the night and slept without once awaking until we were near Preston, we got to Lancaster at 72    I set off at 8 by mail to Kendal. The town was in a bustle owing to the nomination,

flags, trumpets and so forth. I had a very entertaining fellow-traveller ; he had a hooked nose, gold spectacles, was a member of the Reform Club, and a ne-plus-ultra radical ; he had travelled, and had also been a rowing Cantab. We had a red hot

argument on politics, which I firmly believe neither of us knew anything about, but he would talk about them, and as I must answer yes or no, even Bessy will excuse my not assenting to a radical's ideas ; he knew the lakes very well and told me many legends

about them. Windermere is said to be a beautiful lake. Wordsworth asserts that it is superior to anything abroad, but I humbly conceive that he thereby shews his patriotism

1 Blomefield was about the middle of the Junior Optimes in 1843, Atkinson 27th Wrangler in the same year and afterwards Director of Public Instruction, Calcutta, Young was Third Class, Classical Tripos and Junior Optime also in 1843;

Cooper was a Senior Optime in 1844; Strickland was one of the well-known Yorkshire family of Howsham Hall, his tragic end is described in the Memories, p. 64.

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