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The Ancestry of Francis Galton 33 but at a much later age, he married his master's daughter Priscilla. In conjunction with his brother-in-law, Joseph Freame, the business

was developed into a large banking and mercantile firm'. Lucy

Barclay, the great-grandmother of Sir Francis Galton, was a child of this marriage.

But the Freame and Barclay intermarriages are by no means thus exhausted. Sarah Freame, Priscilla's sister, married David Barclay's son James, by his first wife, Ann Taylor. James Barclay and Sarah Freame had three children, two sons who left no issue and a daughter

Anne, who married James Allardyce. Their daughter, Sarah Anne Allardyce, was the second wife of Robert Barclay (1731-1797) and

mother of Captain Robert Barclay Allardyce (the pedestrian, and, last Robert Barclay of Ury) and of Margaret Barclay, Mrs Hudson Gurney, the great-aunt, and kind hostess to Francis Galton's sisters and himself Robert, Margaret and Lucy Barclay, who married Samuel Galton, were thus directly half brothers and sisters, but in addition their mothers were granddaughter and great-granddaughter of David Barclay of Cheapside, and granddaughter and great-granddaughter of

John Freame of Lombard Street ! Captain Barclay, the pedestrian, and Mrs Hudson Gurney were thus much closer in blood than great

uncle and great-aunt to Francis Galton 2. Lastly another sister of

Priscilla Freame, Mary, married Thomas Plumstead of London, and their daughter Priscilla married James Farmer of Bingley, the partner

in Birmingham of Samuel Galton, the first. Their daughter in turn became the wife of Charles Lloyd, who was the managing partner of a large Birmingham bank. Thus Priscilla Farmer and Lucy Barclay were cousins, and this no doubt brought Lucy Barclay the second into touch with Samuel Galton, and led to their marriage. According to a memorandum of Samuel Galton, he met Lucy Barclay at Hertford in 1776 for the first time, and married her in Oct. 1777, shortly after his mother, Mary Farmer's death. The pedigree (Plate C at the end of this volume), in which a very large number of collaterals are omitted, will

1 It should be noted that the goldsmiths were largely bankers in the 17th century. The firm was Freame and Gould in 1698, and Freame and Barclay in 1736; the

business seems to have been a continuation of that of Pepys' goldsmith, Stokes : see Hilton Price, Handbook of London Bankers, pp. 10-12.

I Another daughter of David Barclay married a Gurney, and his famous daughter, Elizabeth Fry, a worthy niece to David Barclay of Youngsbury, was second cousin of Tertius Galton and also a feature of Francis Galton's boyhood.

P. G.   5


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