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in.]   ORIGIN OF TASTE FOR SCIENCE.   215

G. INFLUENCE AND ENCOURAGEMENT OF TUTORS.

This group of 13 cases refers to the influence and encouragement of masters, tutors and professors. It is a small one ; not because persons in those positions are incapable of exerting much salutary influence, but because the scientific men on my list seldom had the advantage of receiving congenial instruction. This is clearly proved by a comparison of the replies referring to Scotch and to English tuition. In Scotland the university programme and the general method of teaching is much more suited to men of a scientific bent of mind than those in England ; consequently the influence of tutors has been testified to far more abundantly by those men on my list who have been educated in Scotland than by the rest. The proportions are striking and instructive. I find that about one-sixth of those from whom I have received returns have studied in Scotland ; hence, if professorial influences had been equally efficacious on both