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xii   CONTENTS.

habits, 104 ; Memory, 107 ; viz.-good verbal, 109 ; good for facts and figures, 111 ; for form, 113 ; good, but no particulars given, 117 ; bad, 120. Independence of character, 121 ; ditto of the parents, 122 ; small religions sects, 123 ; Mechanical aptitudes, 124 ; Religious bias, 126 ; definition of religion, 127 ; religious sentiment weak, accompanied with scepticism, 130 ; intellectual interest in religious topics, 130 ; dogmatic interest, 131 ; religious bias, 131 ; ditto with intellectual scepticism, 134. Effect of creed on research, 135, viz.-no deterrent effect, 135 ; no dread of inquiry, 136 ; religion and science have different spheres, 136 ; liberality of early teaching, 137 ; have early abandoned creeds, 138 ; creed has had good effect on research, 139 ; has had some deterrent effect, 140. Truth

fulness, 141.

CHAPTER III.
ORIGIN OF TASTE FOR SCIENCE.


Preliminary, 144 ; Extracts at length, viz :-physics, 149 ; mathematics, 155 ; chemistry, 158; geology, 161 ; zoology, 165; botany, 176; medicine, 180 ; statistics, 182; mechanics, 184. Analysis of replies, viz.:-tastes strongly innate, 186 ; decidedly not innate, 191 ; tastes bearing remotely on science, 194 ; innate tastes not very hereditary, 196 ; fortunate accidents, 198 ; indirect motives or opportunities, 199 ; professional duties, 202 ; encouragement at home, 205 ; influence and encouragement of friends, 211 ; ditto of tutors, 215 ; Scotch and English system of tuition, 215 ; travel in distant parts, 218 ; unclassed residuum, 221 ; Summary, 222; Deep movements in national life, 227 ; Waste of powers, 228 ; Partial failures, 230 ; Genius, 233.