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Index,

357

CATTLE-DUNG.


horses, 55; mules, 56; asses, 58; oxen, 58 ; cows, 61 ; camels, 62 ; dogs, 63 ; goats and sheep, 63 ; management of horses and other cattle, 63; intelligence of, in finding water, 212; smell road, 289 ; keep guard, 313 ; will efface cache marks, 301 ; to water cattle, 235; to swim with, 87; to use as messengers, 282 (see ' Horse' in " Index ").

Cattle-dung, as fuel, 184. as tinder, 183 ; in plastering huts, 145 ; in making floors, 149; in dressing skins, 342.

Catlin, Mr., 342.

Caulking boats, 105; leaky water vessels, 229.

Caviare, 199.

Cerate ointment, 15.

Chaff, to cut, with a sickle, 67. Chairs, 170.

Chalk to mark hats of beaters, 252; whitewash, 149.

Charcoal, to make, 337, 189; for gunpowder, 247 ; in balls (gfilo), 184; fire-place for, 189 ; used in filters, 225 ; pencils made of, 330; powdered and buried as a mark, 302. Animal charcoal, 339.

Cheese, to make, 198.

Chill, radiation, 132 (see " Vital Heat," 124 ; " Wet Clothes," 118 ; and "Comfort in Travel ").

Chisel, cold, for metals or stone, 334. Chollet's dried vegetables, 196.

Chords, table of, 37 ; table for triangu

lation by, 41.

Christison, Dr., tables on d,et, 19o. Chronometer (see" Watch-pocket," 115). Clay for pottery, 348.

Cleanliness (see "Washing Clothes,"12o ; °' Washing Oneself," 122; " Warmth of Dirt," 122).

Cliffs, to descend with ropes, 44.

Climbing and Mountaineering,

43 Climbing, 43 ; descending cliffs with ropes, 44; leaping poles and ropes, 46; the art of climbing difficult places, 47 ; snow mountains, 47 ; ropes, 47; ice-axe, 49; alpenstock, 52; boots, spectacles, and masks, 53. -Climbing with a horse, 56; descending with wagons, 80, 294 ; rarefied air, effect of, 19; mountains, coup d'air on, iii ; magnetism of, 284.

Clothing, 111. - Materials, 111 ; warmth of different kinds, 112 ; waterproofing and making incombustible, 113, sewing materials, 114; articles of dress (caps, coats, socks, &c.), 114; wet clothes, to dry, 118; to keep dry, 119; washing clothes,

120; soap, 121 ; washing flannels, 121; washing oneself, 122; warmth of dirt,

DEFENCE.


122; bath glove and brush, 123.

Double clothing for sleeping in, 126. Clove-hitch, 326.

Coat, 114; to carry, 114. Cold 132 (see" Chill").

Collar, horse, 75 ; swimming-collar, 85. Colomb and Bolton's signals, 273. Comfort in travel, 123, 4; dry clothes,

129, 136.
Compass, 283.

Conclusion of the Journey, 35r.

Completing collections, 351 ; memo

randa, to arrange, 351 ; alphabetical

lists, 351 ; observations re-calculated,

353 ; lithographical map, 353. Concrete for floors, 149. Condiments, 197. Condors, to trap, 268.

Convergence of tracks aflight, to water,

212 ; to dead game, 200; of bees to

hive, 199.

Cooking, 208; utensils, 203; fire-places,

205 ; ovens, 206 ; cook to be quick in

making the fire, 185.

Cooper, Mr. W. M., 167.

Copper, to cover with tin, 341 ; copper

boats, 102. Cormorants, 273. Corracles, 95.

Cord, String, Thread, 344.-Substi

tutes, 344; sewing, 345 ; needles, to

make, 345 (see " Ropes").

Corks and stoppers, 230, 232. Cot, 169.

Cotton, for clothing, iii ; for tinder, 181. Counting, as done by savages, 310. Coverlets, 127.

Cows, 61.

Crawfurd, Mr. J., 204. Cresswell, Lieut., a le., 140. Crocodiles, to shoot, 255.

Cross, as a mark for roads, 290. Crowbar, 325.

Crows, to destroy, 267. Crupper, 71.

Culprits, to secure, 317 ; punishment,

309.

Cumming, Mr. Gordon, 118, 136, 256,

262.

Cups, 205; to make tea in, 210.

Curing meat, 194, 196; hides, 345.

D's for saddle, 66.

Dahoman night-watch, 314. Dalyell, Sir R., ito. Dana, Mr., 343. Dangers of travel, i. Darwin, Mr., 57, 184, 223.

Dgter'am (for tent and picket rop(s), 164. Davenport brothers, 317. Death of one of the party, 321.

Decoy-ducks, 255. Defen.e, 310, 312.