ing them by quenching in grease. A small iron axe, with a file to sharpen it, and a few awls, are (if nothing else can be taken) a very useful outfit.
As much carpentry as a traveller is likely to want, can be effected by means of a small axe with a hammer-head, a very small single-handed adze, a mortise-chisel, a strong gouge, a couple of medium-sized gimlets, a few awls, a small Turkeyhone, and a whetstone. If a saw be taken, it should be of a sort intended for green wood. In addition to these, a small tin box full of tools, all of which fit into a single handle, is very valuable ; many travellers have found them extremely convenient. There is a tool-shop near the bottom of the Haymarket and another in the Strand near the Lowther Arcade, where they can be bought ; probably also at Holtzapfel's in Trafalgar Square. The box that contains them is about six inches long by four broad and one deep ; the cost is from 20s. to 30s. Lastly, a saw for metals, a few drills, and small files, may be added with advantage. It is advisable to see that the tools are ground and set before starting. A small " hard chisel " of the best steel, three inches long, a quarter of an inch wide, and three-eighths thick-which any blacksmith can make-will cut iron, will chisel marks on rocks, and be useful in numerous emergencies.
Slaarhenin.q Tools.-A man will get through most work with his tools, if he stops from time to time to sharpen them up. The son of Sirach says, speaking ,of a carpenter,-" If the iron be blunt, and he do not whet the edge, then must he put to more strength; but wisdom is profitable to direct."-Ecclesiasticus. A small fine file is very effectual in giving an edge to tools of soft steel. It is a common error to suppose that the best edge is given by grinding the sides of the tool until they meet at an exceedingly acute angle. Such an edge would have no strength, and would chip or bend directly. The proper way of sharpening a tool, is to grind it until it is sufficiently thin, and then to give it an edge whose sides are inclined to one another, about as much as those of the letter V. The edge of a chisel is an obvious case in point; so also is the edge of a butcher's knife, which is given by applying it to the steel at a considerable inclination. A razor has only