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206   Art of Travel.

effected by stone lamps, with wicks made of moss, which are so carefully arranged that the flame gives little or no srnoke. Their lamps vary in size from one foot and a half long to six inches. Each of the bits of moss gives a small but very bright flame. This lamp is all in all to the Esquimaux ; it dries their clothes, and melts the snow for their drinkingwater ; its construction is very ingenious ; without it they could not have inhabited the Arctic regions.

Ovens.-Bedouin Oven.-Dig a hole in the ground; wall and roof it with stones, leaving small apertures in the top. Then make a roaring fire in and about the oven (the roof having been temporarily removed for the purpose), and when the stones (including those of the roof) have become very hot, sweep away the ashes and strew the inside of the oven with grass, or leaves, taking care that whatever is used, has no disagreeable taste, else it would be communicated to the flesh. Then put in the meat : it is a common plan to sew it up in its own skin, which shields it from dust and at the same time retains its juices from evaporating. Now replace the roof, a matter of some difficulty, on account of the stones being hot, and therefore requiring previous rehearsal. Lastly, rake the fire again over the oven and let the baking continue for some hours. An entire sheep can be baked easily in this way. The same process is used for baking vegetables, except with the addition of pouring occasionally boiling water upon them, through the roof.

Gold-digger's Oven.--The figure represents a section of the
oven. A hole or deep notch is dug into the side of a bank,
and two flat stones are slid
horizontally, like shelves,
into grooves made in the
sides of the hole, as shown
in the figure ; where it will
be observed that the upper
most stone does not quite
reach to the face of the
bank, and that the lower
most stone does not quite

reach to the back of the

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