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188   Art of f Travel.

stant looking after. Many serious accidents occur from a large log burning away and toppling over with a crash, sending a volley of blazing cinders among the sleeping party. Savages are always getting burnt, and we should take warning from their carelessness : sometimes they find a single scathed tree without branches, which they have no means of felling ; this they set fire to as it stands, and when all have fallen off to sleep, the tree tumbles down upon them. Tndeed, savages are seldom free from scars or severe burns ; they are so cold during the night that they cannot endure to be an inch further from the fire than necessary, and consequently, as they turn about in their sleep, often roll into it.

Logs to cut up, with a small axe or knife.




A   3

4   2

Let A o be the log. Cut two notches (1), (2), on opposite sides. Hold the log by the end A, and strike the end violently against the ground ; the piece o, 1, 2, will fly off. Then make the cut (3) on the side opposite to (2), and again strike, and the piece 1, 2, 3, will fly off. So again with cut (4), &c. (Peal.)

Brushwood.-If in a country where only a number of small sticks and no large logs can be collected as firewood, the best plan is to encamp after the manner of the Ovampos. These, as they travel, collect sticks, each man his own faggot, and when they stop, each takes eight or nine stones as large as bricks, or larger, and sets them in a circle; and within these he lights up his little fire. Now the party make their fireplaces close together, in two or more parallel lines, and sleep




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