Recognized HTML document


Art of Travel,



A light cart, exclusive of the driver, should not carry more than ..


A light waggon, such as one or two horses would trot away with,

along a turnpike road, not more than..


A waggon of the strongest construction, not more than    


Weight of Rations.-A fair estimate in commissariat matters is as follows :

A strong waggon full of food carries 1000 full-day rations.


The pack of an ox   „

40   „

The pack of a horse   „

30   11

A slaughter ox yields, as fresh meat

80   11

A fat sheep yields   „


(N.B. Meat when jerked loses about one-half of its nou   mg powers.)


General Remarks.-Travellers are apt to expect too much from their medicines, and to think that savages will hail them as demigods wherever they go. But their patients are generally cripples who want to be made whole in a moment, and other suchlike impracticable cases. Powerful emetics, purgatives, and eyewashes are the most popular physickings.

The traveller who is sick, away from help, may console himself with the proverb, that " though there is a great difference between a good physician and a bad one, there is very little between a good one and none at all."

Drugs and Instruments.- Outfit of Medicines.-A traveller, unless he be a professed physician, has no object in taking a large assortment of drugs. He wants a few powders, ready prepared ; which a physician, who Knows the diseases of the country in which he is about to travel, will prescribe for him. Those in general use are as follows:

1. Emetic, mild; 2. ditto, very powerful, for poison (sulpnate of zinc, also used as an eye-wash in Ophthalmia). 3. Aperient, mild ; 4. ditto, powerful. 5. Cordial for diarrhwa. 6. Quinine for ague. 7. Sudoiific (Dover's powder). 8. Chlorodyne. 9. Camphor. 10. Carbolic acid.

In addition to these powders, the traveller will want Warburg's fever-drops; glycerine or cold cream ; mustard-paper for blistering ; heartburn lozenges ; lint ; a small roll of dischylon; lunar-caustic, in a proper holder, to touch old sores with, and for snake-bites ; a scalpel and a blunt-pointed bistoury, with which to open abscesses (the blades of these should be waxed, to keep them from rust); a good pair of forceps, to pull out thorns; a couple of needles, to sew up gashes; waxed thread, or better, silver wire. A mild effervescing aperient, like Moxon's, is very convenient. Seidlitz-powders are perhaps a little too strong for frequent use in a tropical climate.

)F -