are far more eminently gifted than the Judges; accordingly it will be
seen in Table II., by a comparison of its column B with the
corresponding column in p. 61, that their relations are more rich in
To proceed to the next test; we see, that the third section is actually
longer than either the first or the second, showing that ability is not
distributed at haphazard, but that it affects certain families.
Thirdly, the statesman's type of ability is largely transmitted or
inherited. It would be tedious to count the instances in favour. Those
to the contrary are Disraeli, Sir P. Francis (who was hardly a
statesman, but rather a bitter controversialist), and Horner. In all the
other 35 or 36 cases in my appendix, one or more statesmen will be
found among their eminent relations. In other words, the combination
of high intellectual gifts, tact in dealing with men, power of expression
in debate, and ability to endure exceedingly hard work, is hereditary.
Table II. proves, just as distinctly as it did in the case of the Judges,
that the nearer kinsmen of the eminent Statesmen are far more rich
in ability than the more remote. It will be seen, that the law of
distribution, as gathered from these instances, is very similar to what
we had previously found it to be. I shall not stop here to compare that
law, in respect to the Statesmen and the Judges, for I propose to treat
all the groups of eminent men, who form the subjects of my several
chapters, in a precisely similar manner, and to collate the results, once
for all, at the end of the book.